A seemingly simple transition from Linguistics, with a focus on psycholinguistics, to the field of speech and hearing sciences and disorders in my early academic career proved to be transformative. I was exposed to broader perspectives on the multidimensionality of neurogenic disorders of language and speech. A chance encounter with A.R. Luria’s works Higher Cortical Functions in Man (1962) and Traumatic Aphasia: Its Syndromes, Psychology and Treatment (1970) had not only left a deep impression in me but also introduced me to cognitive models of language functions derived from lesion data. His use of case reports, case series, and group designs for empirical research in solving clinical problems was equally impressive to me. Subsequently, my first doctoral dissertation in linguistics (1981) used a case-series analysis of aphasic data to infer the principles of organization of the mental lexicon.
My arrival in the U.S in the early 80’s for my doctoral work in the University at Buffalo, NY, created enormous opportunities to learn about Cognitive Science/Modularity of mind and Neuroscience. My academic preparation at UB (1981-86) had solidified my views on the cognitive and neural bases of language. This perspective is explored in my dissertation: Comprehension of Ambiguous sentences in brain damaged adults (1986). Since graduation in 1986, I became active in many research bodies/societies. Chiefly among them were Theoretical and Experimental Neuropsychology (TENNET), Academy of Aphasia (AOA), International Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics Association (ICPLA), Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS), International Neuropsychological Society (INS), and Society for the Neurobiology of Language. My more recent affiliation includes the World Federation of Neurology, and World Stroke Organization. I was/am not only an active participant but also frequent contributor in the annual/bi-annual meetings of these bodies. My peer-reviewed research publications have appeared in Brain and Language, Brain and Cognition, Journal of Neurolinguistics, Frontiers in Psychology, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Journal of Neurological Sciences, and International Journal of Stroke.
Currently, I am affiliated with Seton Hall University (since 1998). I teach courses on neuroscience, aphasia, traumatic brain injury, and Research project I & II. I assist graduate and undergraduate/high school student-research in neurogenic disorders of language and cognition. In the past, I mentored three doctoral students in their research. I direct a research lab, Communication Neuroscience and Aphasia Research Laboratory (CNARL). Also, I taught several doctoral-level seminars in the past. My areas of research interests include the following: the status of language and cognition in aphasia and traumatic brain injury, model-based treatment of aphasia, prosodic processing in brain damaged adults, neurological and cognitive- aspects of speech production in apraxia of speech, and neurogenic stuttering, and cognitive model-based analysis of dyslexias and dysgraphias. Of late, I have developed interest in the use of transcranial direct current stimulation (t DCS) in treating acquired language disorders in adults.
During 1987-1990, I had an opportunity to work with adults with neurogenic disorders of language, speech, and cognition in sub-acute and rehab hospitals in the states of Massachusetts and New Hampshire. As a result of my exposure to multiple perspectives on aphasia, I currently combine neoclassical syndromic approach, cognitive neuropsychology, and social-functional approaches in teaching a graduate course on aphasia. I am nationally certified (CCC-SLP) by ASHA and locally licensed to practice in the state of NJ (1998 -).
- Ph. D., (1986) Communication Sciences and Disorders, State University of New York at Buffalo
- Ph .D., (1981) University of Mysore, India
- M. Sc., (1971) University of Mysore, India
- M. A, Annamalai University, India
Balasubramanian, V. (2021). The gradient view of language laterality: Evidence from crossed aphasia in dextral. Journal of Neurological Sciences, doi:10.1016/j.jns.2021.118753.
Balasubramanian, V., & Lawler, E. (2021). Transcortical motor aphasia: Review and report of a new case. International Journal of Stroke, 16, (25), P.651, WSC 21-858.
Koebli, J.R., Balasubramanian, V., & Zipp, G.P. (2020). An exploration of higher-level language comprehension deficits and factors influencing following blast TBI in US veterans. Brain Injury, http://doi.org/10.1080./02699052/2020.1725845
Balasubramanian, V. (2019). Neurolinguistics. In J. Damico & M.J. Ball (Eds.). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Human Communication Sciences and Disorders (pp. 1234-1245). Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483380810.n411
Max, L., Kadri, M., Mitsuya, T., & Balasubramanian, V. (2019). Similar within-utterance loci of dysfluency in acquired neurogenic and persistent developmental stuttering. Brain and Language, 189, 1-9.
Balasubramanian, V., Sabu, S., Terrezza, J., Stamey, A., Brower, M. (2019). Is the supramarginal gyrus a hub for orthographic processing? Published in the Journal of Neurological Sciences, doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2019.10.459.
Balasubramanian, V., Sabu, S., & Terrezza, J. (2019). Is the supramarginal gyrus a hub for both spoken and written word production? Poster presented at the annual conference the Society for the Neurobiology of Language, Helsinki, Finland (August 20-23)
Balasubramanian, V., Brower, M., Stamey, A., Terrezza, J., Sabu, S. (2019). On the neural model of paraphasia: Examining the lesion data. Published in the Journal of Neurological Sciences, doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2019.10.675.
Costello-Yacono, M., & Balasubramanian, V. (2018). A Comparison of Two Treatment Approaches for Agrammatic Broca's Aphasia: Script Therapy vs. Verb Network Strengthening Treatment. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.3389/conf.fnhum.2018.228.00020
Aldera, M., & Balasubramanian, V. (2017). Neologistic jargon in speech production, reading aloud, and writing to dictation. Journal of Neurological Sciences, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2017.08.3323.
Aldera, M.A., & Balasubramanian, V. (2017). Acquired Dysgraphia in Arabic Orthography: A Case-Series Analyses. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. doi: 3389/conf.fnhum.2017.223.00018
Balasubramanian, V., Teehan, K., Aldera, M.A., & Costello, M. (2017). A Case of Afferent Apraxic Motor Aphasia? A Tribute to A.R.Luria. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, doi:10.3389/conf.fnhum.2017.223.00068
Balasubramanian, V., & Aldera, M. (2017). On the neural representation of lexicon: Evidence from lesion data. Journal of Neurological Science, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.217.08.3336
Balasubramanian, V., Costello-Yacano, Aldera, M., & Koebli, J. (2016). Agrammatic aphasia following right versus left basal ganglia lesions: Case reports and review of the literature. Frontiers in Psychology, doi: 10.3389/conf.fpsychol.
Balasubramanian, V, Aldera MA and Costello M (2015). Patterns of Orthographic Working Memory Impairments in Acquired Dysgraphia in Adults: A Case Series analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, doi: 10.3389/conf.fpsyg.2015.65.00051
Balasubramanian, V., & Cohen, H. (2014). Cognitive neuropsychological analysis of isolated agraphia: Review and report of a new case. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 28,48-62.
Aldera M, Bredin E and Balasubramanian V (2014). Crossed Dysgraphia: A case Report. Frontiers of Psychology, doi:10.3389/conf.fpsyg.2014.64.00072
Balasubramanian, V., Cronin, K.L., & Max, L. (2010). Dysfluency levels during repeated readings, choral readings, and readings with altered auditory feedback in two cases of acquired neurogenic stuttering. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 1-13.
Balasubramanian V (2008). Reading and writing in pure agraphia: Implications for the common lexicon theory. Frontiers of Human Neuroscience, doi:10.3389/conf.neuro.09.2009.01.237.
Balasubramanian, V., & Chernela, M. (2007). Dysgraphia following focal lesions: implications for models of writing. Brain and Language, 103, 8-9.
Balasubramanian,V. (2006). Isolated agraphia: A cognitive-neuropsychological analysis. Brain and Language, 99, 23-25.
Balasubramanian, V., & Max, L. (2005). Hemispheric processing of Prosody. In Joseph Syka & Michael M. Merzenich (Eds.) Plasticity and signal representation in auditory system. New York: Springer.
Balasubramanian, V. (2005). Dysgraphia in two forms of conduction aphasia. Brain and Cognition, 57, 8-15.
Balasubramaninan, V., & Max, L. (2004). Crossed apraxia of speech: A case study. Brain and Cognition, 55, 240-246.
Balasubramanian, V., Max, L., Van Borsel, J., Rayca, K., & Richardson, D. (2003). Acquired stuttering following right orbital frontal and bilateral pontine lesion: A case study. Brain and Cognition.53, 185-189.
Balasubramanian, V; Murphy, K., Spatafore, S., Lapardo, R., & Dickinson, V. (2001). Language production and comprehension in an adult with anterior communicating artery (AcoA) syndrome. Brain and Cognition, 46, 24-29.
Balasubramanian, V; & Coady, E. (1999). Facilitating tense inflection of regular and irregular verbs in a Broca’s aphasic: A multiple baseline study. Brain and Language, 69, pp 261-264.
Balasubramanian, V. (1999). Comprehension of sentences with multiple prosodic cues in aphasics and right hemisphere damaged patients. Brain and Cognition, 40, 32-35.
Balasubramanian, V. (1997). Deep dyslexia and dysgraphia in a Broca’s aphasic. Brain and Language, 60, pp 115-118.
Balasubramanian, V. (1996). Phonological encoding deficits in a case of acquired neurogenic stuttering. Brain and Language, 55, pp 153-155.
Balasubramanian, V; & Hayden, P.A. (1995). Acquired stuttering following bilateral parietal lobe lesion: A case report. Paper appeared in the Proceedings of the First World Congress on Fluency Disorders (November 1995), Vol. II, pp 617-620.
- Named a Fellow of the Academy of Aphasia (2020)
- NYC tDCS fellowship, Certified by the Medical Society of the State of New York (2019)
- Completed sabbatical leave to conduct research in neurogenic language disorders (1/1/18-6/30/18)
- A visiting Faculty at the Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University Medical School (January – December 2018)
- Invited Talk: (2017, June). Treatment-induced recovery from Broca’s aphasia: Preliminaries to a longitudinal case-series analyses. Presented at the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD.
- Invited talk: ‘Higher-level language production and comprehension deficits following medial anterior prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex lesion’. Delivered at the Department of Psychology, University of Manchester, UK (10/19/16).
- Member of Editorial Boards: Journal of Neurolinguistics (2010 -), Acta Psychologica (2021-).
- Co-Editor of a special issue of the Journal of Neurolinguistics (2010)
- Mentored three doctoral students 2013-2018
- Visiting Fellowship Program in functional MRI at Massachusetts General Hospital. 10/01
- fMRI training at Milwaukee Medical College (10/02)
- Awarded Rotary Grant for University Teachers: $12,500-00 (2001).
- Member of Adler Aphasia Center Speech-Language Pathology Advisory committee (2004 - )
- Created Linguistic Ambiguity Comprehension Test (LACT) in 1984.
- Receiver summer Training fellowship to participate in aphasia rehabilitation summer camp at Baylor University, Waco, Texas (1983)
- Created Staggered Spondaic Word (SSW) test (Tamil version) under the guidance of Dr. Jack Katz (1982d
- Received British Council fellowship to participate in the Younger Scientists Exchange Scheme between the United Kingdom and India (1972)
Areas of expertise and current research interests include the following:
- Use of cognitive models in the analyses of language production and comprehension in brain damaged adults
- Study of efficacy of model-oriented treatments for aphasia
- Exploratory cross-cultural research on reading and writing disorders following brain lesions
- The role of right hemisphere in language processing
- The neural bases of apraxia of speech and acquired neurogenic fluency disorders
- Neurocognition of Bilingualism
- Higher-level language processing in mild traumatic brain injury